Old Tamil 2021

Old Tamil is the time of the Tamil language spreading over the third century BC to the eighth century AD. The soonest records in Old Tamil are short engravings from between the third and second century BC in caverns and on stoneware. These engravings are written in a variation of the Brahmi script called Tamil-Brahmi.[52] The most punctual long content in Old Tamil is the Tolkāppiyam, an early work on Tamil language structure and poetics, whose most seasoned layers could be pretty much as old as the late second century BC.[37][53] Many abstract works in Old Tamil have likewise endure. These incorporate a corpus of 2,381 sonnets all things considered known as Sangam writing. These sonnets are normally dated to between the first century BC and fifth century AD.[37][54]

Center Tamil  tamilnewslive

Fundamental article: Middle Tamil language

Tamil engravings in Vatteluttu script in stone during Chola period c.1000 AD at Brahadeeswara sanctuary in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu.

The advancement of Old Tamil into Middle Tamil, which is for the most part taken to have been finished by the eighth century,[37] was described by various phonological and linguistic changes. In phonological terms, the main movements were the virtual vanishing of the aytam (ஃ), an old phoneme,[55] the mixture of the alveolar and dental nasals,[56] and the change of the alveolar plosive into a rhotic.[57] In syntax, the main change was the development of the current state. The current state developed out of the action word kil (கில்), signifying “to be conceivable” or “to happen to”. In Old Tamil, this action word was utilized as a viewpoint marker to demonstrate that an activity was miniature durative, non-maintained or non-enduring, typically in mix with a clock, for example, ṉ (ன்). In Middle Tamil, this use advanced into a current state marker – kiṉṟa (கின்ற) – which consolidated the old viewpoint and time markers.[58]

 

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